Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) is not only the violation of child’s body but of the trust implicit in care giving relationship. This violation can have a significant impact on how the child as a victim and later on as an adult survivor sees and experiences the world. The effects of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) can be damaging, but the effects are not permanent if appropriate support is provided to the victim and his/her stakeholders.
Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) evolves as a multifaceted issue because all of us reticent by our own upbringing, struggle to have a vocabulary to communicate around sexuality in general and sexual abuse in particular. This adds to the euphemism and ambiguity around the issue which further helps to reinforcing the myths around Child Sexual Abuse (CSA). Hence, culturally CSA occupies a unique space where it is both recognized (happens with ‘others’) and denied (does not happen with my child by my family members) simultaneously. It is in this milieu which is flooded with assumptions and contradictions that we address CSA and not in a vacuum space.
Child sexual abuse is defined as any act using a child for the sexual gratification of the more powerful person.
Child sexual abuse (CSA) includes the following contact and non contact behaviours:
- Penetration of anus, vagina, oral sex
- Fondling child’s private body parts
- Making the child fondle private parts
- Forcible kissing
- Making the child exhibit private body parts
- Exhibiting private body parts to a child
- Photographing a child in the nude
- Making the child view pornographic materials
- Using sexually explicit talk and sexually abusive language with the child